Liquid Study no. 1

for string quartet and electronics

This is the first in a series of pieces that I intend to write to explore an imagined physics based on the behaviour of fluids. Ideas such as turbulence, disruptions and ripples, surface tension, and the interaction of dissimilar liquids inspire both the gestural language and the formal design of this composition. While the electronic and acoustic sounds often share certain articulative tendencies and a similar sense of gestural elasticity, they rarely fuse together as one. Rather they behave much more like oil and water - two distinct entities which share a diaphanous boundary, inherently responsive to each other, yet stubbornly separate and divisible. Always filling each others’ voids, pulling when pushed and pushing when pulled.

This piece is warmly dedicated to Roger Reynolds, who taught me, among other things, that the act of searching for words to describe what you do invariably connects your music to the world around you. I would like to thank the following researchers whose insights and ideas have inspired and enabled my work: Norbert Schnell, Gilbert Nouno, Joachim Goßmann, Arshia Cont, Diemo Schwarz and Philippe Esling.

Recording Excerpts






Credits: The Arditti String Quartet: Irvine Arditti, Ashot Sarkissjan, Ralf Ehlers and Lucas Fels, 2015

Score Samples

Recent/Upcoming Events

6/16/2017 - Lines of Communication will be performed by Mari Kimura, Sam Wells, and Keith Kirchoff at the SPLICE Institute in Kalamazoo, MI, USA. 4/1/2017 - Am I a Particle or a Wave? performed by Nexeduet (Juanjo Llopico and Sisco Aparici) at the Festival de Música Contemporánea de Córdoba on April 1st 2017 in Spain. 3/25/2017 - Am I a Particle or a Wave? performed by Nexeduet (Juanjo Llopico and Sisco Aparici) at the Festival "Flesap" in Segorbe Spain on March 25th 2017. 3/10/2017 - Liquid Study no 2 for piano and electronic sound will be premiered by Ian Buckle at the University of Leed's International Concert Series on March 10th 2017. 6/14/2016 - Open End will be performed by Marc Moreno Albors in Valencia Spain. 3/8/2016 - Dot Matrix Dialect will be premiered by the Pixels Ensemble in the Open Circuit Festival, Liverpool, UK. 3/4/2016 - Liquid Study no. 1 performed the Gildas String Quartet in Manchester UK. 1/28/2016 - hub will be performed by the The House of Bedlam at New Music North West in Manchester UK. 6/4/2015 - open end will be performed by Hamish Upton at the Australian National Academy of Music, Melbourne. 4/1/2015 - open end will be performed by Matthew Andreini at the the University of Northern Iowa, USA. 3/13/2015 - open end will be performed by Alex Wier at the University of Denver, USA. 3/12/2015 - open end will be performed by Alex Wier at Adams State University, USA. 3/10/2015 - open end will be performed by Alex Wier at Fort Lewis College, USA. 2/4/2015 - Liquid Etude no. 1 will be premiered by the Arditti String Quartet in California. 1/18/2015 - open end will be performed by Alex Wier at Arizona State University, USA.